RE-CAST UTC Project Information

Project Title

High-Volume Recycled Materials for Sustainable Pavement Construction


Missouri University of Science and Technology
Polytechnic Institute of New York University
Southern University and A&M College
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of Oklahoma

Principal Investigator

Kamal H. Khayat
Missouri University of Science and Technology

PI Contact Information 573-341-6223

Co-Principal Investigators

David Lange, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Hakchul (Alex) Shin, Southern University and A&M College
Jeffery S. Volz, University of Oklahoma
Kaan Ozbay, Polytechnic Institute of New York University

Funding Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization)

New Jersey DOT: $40,054
Missouri DOT: $120,000
University of Oklahoma/Dolese Bros. Co./ODOT: $111,238
University of Illinios Urbana-Champaigne: $30,041
O’Hare Airport: $90,269
RE-CAST: $451,684

Total Project Cost


Matching Agency ID or Contract Number

New Jersey DOT:
Missouri DOT:  TR201502 / TR201702
University of Oklahoma/Dolese Bros. Co./ODOT: 00042134-05-2A
O’Hare Airport:
RE-CAST: 00046728

RE-CAST Grant Award Number


Start and End Dates

Start Date: May 15, 2014
End Date: December 31, 2019

Brief Description of Research Project

Given the increasing rate of demolition, it is essential to effectively reuse demolition waste in order to conserve non-renewable natural resources. Decreasing natural resources, as well as increasing problems with waste management, ecological hazards, landfill limitations and increasing distances between the natural resources and consumption markets, support the idea of recycled wastes to be used for new concrete production. The reduction in carbon footprint by the use of recycled materials is becoming a key solution to decrease the total environmental impact related to construction industry.

The proposed study aims at developing sustainable concrete materials for infrastructure applications. The main idea is to incorporate high volume of recycled materials in concrete production (at least 50% of the mass of solids) to reduce cost and decrease carbon footprint without mitigating performance and service life. The main emphasis for this concrete is its use in pavement construction.

Recycled materials include both coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregate (RCA), supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), fillers, glass powder, and alternative binders. The study will evaluate fresh and hardened properties and durability aspects of such novel “green concrete” material.  The study will explore the feasibility of using these recycled materials in single lift and 2 lift-concrete pavement (2LCP) construction systems.  The study will also explore other materials systems such as controlled low strength materials (CLSM) that utilize high volume of recycled fine materials.

Field implementation will be carried out to investigate in-situ performance of the proposed concrete in different geographic locations in the U.S. (IL and OK). The final scope of the project and selection of field demonstration sites will be evaluated with other investigators as well as government and private partners interested in this project. The project will also evaluate life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) in order to determine the economic impact and environmental benefits of using such eco-friendly materials in infrastructure applications.

Describe Implementation of Research Outcomes


Impacts/Benefits of Implementation


Web Links

Project website:

Final reports: Volume I

Final reports: Volume II

Final reports: Volume III